Coal Export

The defeat of all coal terminals in Oregon and Washington is a big win for Gorge resources and communities

Coal Export
A open-top coal train thunders alongside Washington State Route 14 in the Columbia River Gorge. (photographer: Daniel Dancer)


May 2018: Numerous permits for the proposed Millennium coal terminal in Longview, WA, have been denied by Washington state agencies. The historic campaign carried out by Friends’ members, volunteers and our partners in the Power Past Coal coalition made this possible. If approved, the Millennium terminal would have been the largest coal export terminal in the United States, hauling 44 million tons of coal per year by rail through the Gorge in open-topped coal cars.  
Millennium has appealed the denial of these permits and also filed federal litigation against the state of Washington seeking to exempt itself from state permitting processes. Friends and its allies, represented by EarthJustice, have intervened to defend these decisions and also oppose Millennium’s federal litigation.
Millennium is the latest proposed coal terminal in Washington and Oregon to be denied. The only remaining coal export terminal is located in Vancouver, BC and the expansion planned for that facility is unlikely to proceed.

May 2017: The Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) for the Millennium terminal proposal was released by the Washington Department of Ecology and Cowlitz County. In the FEIS, the agencies have determined that the project would cause multiple significant, adverse impacts to both the environment and communities in the Columbia River basin. The FEIS is used to decide whether to issue or deny permits to Millennium. The findings mean that Ecology and Cowlitz County should deny Millennium’s permit applications. Any other outcome would be scientifically and legally unsupported.

January 2017: Washington Department of Resources denies state lands sublease for Millennium Bulk coal terminal in Longview, very likely ending the project!

From an original seven proposals to build coal export terminals in the Pacific Northwest, just one, sited in Vancouver, Canada, has not been either denied or withdrawn from consideration. The proposals involve transporting coal through the Columbia River Gorge by rail from the open pit mines of the Powder River Basin in Wyoming and Montana to terminals in Washington and British Columbia for export to Asia. 
If the other six coal export plans were to go forward, the result would have been dozens of additional coal trains, each more than one mile in length, moving through the Gorge every day. Coal is transported in open-top cars and each car loses about one pound of coal dust per mile. Coal debris litters the Columbia River shoreline, parks, vineyards and sensitive plant and wildlife habitat. The resulting toxic coal dust, in addition to diesel emissions from locomotive engines, pose a huge threat to air quality, water quality, plant and wildlife habitat and human health in the Gorge.


Rail capacity through the Columbia Gorge is near its limit. To accommodate the significant increase in rail traffic for the new coal terminals, new tracks would likely need to expand into environmentally sensitive areas. River access would be effectively cut off at many sites due to increased rail traffic and the accompanying delays would hurt local businesses and risk potentially delaying arrival of emergency vehicles such as fire fighters and paramedics. When burned, the coal would not provide electricity or heat to the Northwest, but the region would receive toxic mercury pollution sent on the "westerly" winds across the Pacific from Asia. About 20 percent of the airborne mercury pollution in the Northwest comes from Asian power plants.
Watch Johnny Cash tribute band Counterfeit Cash bring the coal export issue to musical life in the “Coal Train Blues” video (click on image to play):
The wild, beautiful Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area should not be downgraded to a fossil-fuel highway. Coal export offers very little economic benefit to the Gorge and the Northwest, and at great cost to our health, environment and public safety. Six coal export proposals, including one that would have resulted in the U.S.'s largest coal terminal at Cherry Point, WA, have been defeated or withdrawn.

Friends of the Columbia Gorge is a member of the Power Past Coal coalition


Coal Export Issues

Why Friends Opposes Coal Export

Why Friends Opposes Coal Export

The negative impacts of coal export include air pollution, contaminated waterways, delayed emergency response vehicles, and climate change.

Learn More